Tri Party Repo Agreement
The deposit market is an important source of money for large financial institutions in the non-deposit banking sector, which can compete with the traditional bank deposit sector in its size. Large institutional investors, such as money funds, lend money to financial institutions such as investment banks, either in exchange (or through secured guarantees), such as government bonds and mortgage-backed securities held by borrowing financial institutions. It is estimated that $1 trillion a day of guarantees are being implemented in U.S. pension markets.   The Federal Reserve`s reverse repo program is relevant to this discussion only in the tangential sense that the New York Fed will conduct these transactions through the tripartite repurchase infrastructure. We consulted with our colleagues in the Markets Group for more information. They told us that the New York Fed`s announcement to increase the number of its reverse repo counterparties was a matter of prudent planning to ensure that this instrument would be ready if and if the Federal Reserve`s open market committee decided that they should be used to reduce the amount of reserves in the banking system. For more information, please visit the New York Fed`s website on reverse counterparties: (www.newyorkfed.org/markets/rrp_counterparties.html) When conducted by the Federal Reserve`s open market committee in open market operations, retirement operations add reserves to the banking system and withdraw them after a specified period; Rest first reverses the flow reserves, then add them again. This instrument can also be used to stabilize interest rates and the Federal Reserve has used it to adjust the policy rate to the target rate.  In the past, the contracts in question have sometimes prevented treasurers from entering the repo market. It seems that 2015 will be a pioneering year for tri-party deposits, as more and more corporate treasurers are starting to use this secure investment vehicle in their cash management strategy.
While conventional deposits are generally instruments that are sifted against credit risk, there are residual credit risks.