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Who Signed The Paris Peace Agreement

The celebration was premature. Thieu, who had not been consulted during the secret negotiations, called for changes that in exasperated Hanoi, and the talks were halted on December 13. Nixon, caught between a stubborn Allenten and a tough enemy, took action. He promised Thieu $1 billion in military equipment that would give South Vietnam the fourth largest air force in the world, and assured Thieu that the United States would return to war if North Vietnam did not abdicate from adhering to peace. These were promises of which Thieu had no reason to doubt; Nixon had just won an overwhelming election and the Watergate affair was almost invisible in the political landscape. Nixon asked prominent Asian-American politician Anna Chennault to be his "channel to Mr. Thieu"; Chennault agreed and regularly reported to John Mitchell that Thieu had no intention of attending a peace conference. On November 2, Chennault informed the South Vietnamese ambassador: "I just heard my boss in Albuquerque say that his boss [Nixon] is going to win. This article, opponents argued, would transfer war powers from the U.S. government to the League Council. The opposition came from two groups: the "irreconcilables," who refused to join the League of Nations in all circumstances, and the "Reservationists," led by the chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, Henry Cabot Lodge, who were willing to ratify the treaty with amendments. While Lodge was defeated in September in his attempt to pass treaty changes, he managed to attach 14 "reservations" to it in November. In a final vote on 19 March 1920, the Treaty of Versailles did not go to be ratified by seven votes.

Therefore, the U.S. government signed the Treaty of Berlin on August 25, 1921. It was a separate peace treaty with Germany that stipulated that the United States would enjoy all "rights, privileges, compensation, reparations, or benefits" conferred upon it by the Treaty of Versailles, but omitted any mention of the League of Nations, to which the United States never adhered. When Thiệu, who had not even been informed of the secret negotiations, was confronted with the draft of the new agreement, he was angry with Kissinger and Nixon (who were fully aware of South Vietnam`s negotiating position) and refused to accept it without significant changes. He then gave several speeches on public radio, saying the proposed deal was worse than it actually was. Hanoi was stunned and believed that he had been deceived by Kissinger in a propaganda trick. On October 26, Radio Hanoi broadcast important details of the draft agreement. With peace, the still strict conditions for prisoners of war were finally relaxed. .

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